epicardial adipose tissue function

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The role of epicardial and perivascular adipose tissue in ...- epicardial adipose tissue function ,Aug 16, 2010·The blood supply to the pericardial adipose tissue is by non-coronary sources, such as the pericardiacophrenic branch of the internal mammary artery [2, 3, 11]. This review will focus on the interaction between EAT and PVAT and the underlying myocardium and vasculature, respectively. Physiological function of epicardial adipose tissueEpicardial adipose tissue, inflammatory biomarkers and ...Jan 01, 2021·Meanwhile, the epicardial adipose tissue, which directly surrounds the heart and is highly integrated within the coronary vasculature, could be of more interest. Considering the high spatial resolution of CT and the discrete attenuation values of adipose tissue, EAT volume and density can be easily and precisely measured by CT scan [33] .



COVID-19 and Obesity: Role of Ectopic Visceral and ...

Keywords: epicardial adipose tissue, COVID-19, obesity, cardiac injury, adipose tissue, ectopic fat, inflammation, immunity Introduction Since December 2019, a global pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), first reported in Wuhan, China, has been raging ( 1 ).

(PDF) Epicardial adipose tissue (dys)function: A new ...

PDF | On Nov 1, 2020, Paulo Matafome published Epicardial adipose tissue (dys)function: A new player in heart disease? | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate

Association of volumetric epicardial adipose tissue ...

Background-—Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is in immediate apposition to the underlying myocardium and, therefore, has the potential to influence myocardial systolic and diastolic function or myocardial geometry, through paracrine or compressive mechanical effects.

Epicardial adipose tissue (dys)function: A new player in ...

Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is located between the visceral layer of the pericardium and the myocardium, while pericardial adipose tissue is located outside the pericardium. Moreover, EAT is irrigated by the coronary circulation, while pericardial adipose tissue is not, and EAT may also be found around coronary arteries, which may directly ...

Epicardial and pericardial adipose tissues are associated ...

May 03, 2019·The aim of this study was to investigate the association of epicardial (EAT) and pericardial (PAT) adipose tissues with myocardial function in type 2 diabetes (T2D). EAT and PAT were measured by ultrasound in 770 patients with T2D and 234 age- and sex-matched non-diabetic controls.

The roles of epicardial adipose tissue in heart failure ...

Jun 29, 2020·Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) has been demonstrated as not only a dynamic organ with biological functions but also an inert lipid store with regulating systemic metabolism. EAT mediates physiological and pathophysiological processes of heart failure by regulating adipogenesis, cardiac remodeling, insulin resistance, cardiac output, and renin ...

Epicardial adipose tissue differentiates in patients with ...

Jun 25, 2021·Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is a visceral fat depot that shares direct anatomic contact with the myocardium without fascial interruption. …

COVID-19 and Obesity: Role of Ectopic Visceral and ...

Keywords: epicardial adipose tissue, COVID-19, obesity, cardiac injury, adipose tissue, ectopic fat, inflammation, immunity Introduction Since December 2019, a global pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), first reported in Wuhan, China, has been raging ( 1 ).

Epicardial adipose tissue: an emerging biomarker of ...

May 25, 2020·Epicardial adipose tissue is a predictor of decreased kidney function and coronary artery calcification in youth- and early adult onset type 2 diabetes mellitus. J Endocrinol Invest 2019 ; …

Epicardial Adipose Tissue: Relations to the Heart

Aug 20, 2021·Epicardial adipose tissue: A visceral fat depot around the heart, especially the right-ventricular free wall and left-ventricular apex, which generates various …

Epicardial adipose tissue: an emerging biomarker of ...

May 25, 2020·Epicardial adipose tissue is a predictor of decreased kidney function and coronary artery calcification in youth- and early adult onset type 2 diabetes mellitus. J Endocrinol Invest 2019 ; …

The Natural history of Epicardial Adipose Tissue Volume ...

Apr 28, 2020·Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) has been described to associate with coronary artery disease 1 as well as influence myocardial function and geometry 2.It …

Left Ventricular Function, Epicardial Adipose Tissue, and ...

Dec 15, 2019·nd markers of CV risk, such as epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) and intima-media thickness (IMT), are lacking. Aim of this study is to evaluate left ventricular function, EAT, and IMT in children and adolescents with vertically acquired HIV infection. Methods: We enrolled 29 subjects on ART (13, 45% men; median age of 13.0, and interquartile range 9–18), and 29 age-matched controls. All ...

Regulation of visceral and epicardial adipose tissue for ...

Apr 04, 2017·Interestingly, this epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is correlated to VAT and can play an essential role in cardiac function and homeostasis (see later). By contrast, BAT has relatively large depots in infancy but small volume dispersed throughout WAT stores in adults, where it generally locates in suprarenal, paravertebral and supraclavicular ...

Association of Volumetric Epicardial Adipose Tissue ...

Dec 04, 2018·Background. Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is in immediate apposition to the underlying myocardium and, therefore, has the potential to influence myocardial …

Epicardial adipose tissue (dys)function: A new player in ...

Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is located between the visceral layer of the pericardium and the myocardium, while pericardial adipose tissue is located …

Epicardial adipose tissue is related to cardiac function ...

Jan 01, 2017·Evaluation of the relationship between epicardial adipose tissue thickness and cardiac function in males and females. Regression analysis was performed with EAT …

Epicardial Adipose Tissue: Relations to the Heart

Jul 04, 2021·Epicardial adipose tissue: A visceral fat depot around the heart, especially the right-ventricular free wall and left-ventricular apex, which generates various bioactive molecules

COVID-19 and Obesity: Role of Ectopic Visceral and ...

Keywords: epicardial adipose tissue, COVID-19, obesity, cardiac injury, adipose tissue, ectopic fat, inflammation, immunity Introduction Since December 2019, a global pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), first reported in Wuhan, China, has been raging ( 1 ).

Epicardial adipose tissue: good or bad for cardiac function?

Jul 12, 2018·In our recent studies [2, 3], we too examined the role of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) in patients with subclinical atherosclerosis and also in patients with coronary artery disease. In their interesting study [ 1 ], Chang and colleagues investigated the role of EAT lipolysis and the effect of EAT removal on cardiac function after myocardial ...

Epicardial Adipose Tissue: Relations to the Heart

Jul 04, 2021·Epicardial adipose tissue: A visceral fat depot around the heart, especially the right-ventricular free wall and left-ventricular apex, which generates various bioactive molecules

Epicardial and Pericardial Adiposity Without Myocardial ...

These observations suggest that epicardial adipose tissue is a transducer of the adverse effects of systemic inflammation and metabolic disorders on the heart, and thus, represents an important ...

The role of epicardial adipose tissue in cardiac biology ...

Feb 12, 2017·Epicardial adipose tissue (EpAT) and the cardiomyocyte transcriptomic profile are altered in the presence of cardiovascular risk factors or by genetic variability. Nevertheless, further to any systemic effects, a local cross-talk takes place between cardiomyocytes and EpAT which determines aspects of myocardial biology, cardiac function and ...

Epicardial adipose tissue: emerging physiological ...

Nov 01, 2011·Epicardial fat is not merely a passive lipid-storage unit, but is actively involved in lipid and energy homeostasis 1, 2, 3, 4.The principal difference between …

Left Ventricular Function, Epicardial Adipose Tissue, and ...

Dec 15, 2019·nd markers of CV risk, such as epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) and intima-media thickness (IMT), are lacking. Aim of this study is to evaluate left ventricular function, EAT, and IMT in children and adolescents with vertically acquired HIV infection. Methods: We enrolled 29 subjects on ART (13, 45% men; median age of 13.0, and interquartile range 9–18), and 29 age-matched controls. All ...

Impact of Epicardial Adipose Tissue, Left Ventricular ...

Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is increasingly recognized as metabolically active and associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of increased EAT volume index on left ventricular (LV) myocardial fat content and burden of interstitial myocardial fibrosis and their subsequent effects on LV ...